I am a seminarian at an Orthodox seminary. I’m a former Ph.D. student, and a former Minister of Word and Sacrament in the Reformed tradition who converted to the Orthodox Church over a decade ago.

This blog is now 10 years old (as of 2020), and it includes some material from previous grad school work, some papers, some sermon excerpts, etc.; it was intended as an outlet of my thoughts on theology (biblical, systematic, historical, philosophical, or any otherwise worthwhile theology), philosophy, and history (particularly Church history). It has had many periods of inactivity, but it’s still here, and I occasionally write something up.

After graduating with a B.A. in Philosophy from Biola University, with an M.Div. from Westminster Seminary California, and becoming eternally ABD for the Ph.D. program in the Philosophy of Religion and Theology department at Claremont Graduate University, I am now at Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology, preparing to, God willing, serve Christ and His Church as a priest. 

The title of the blog refers to St. Gregory of Nyssa’s teaching (particularly in his Life of Moses) on theological ascent. “Moses entered the darkness and then saw God in it.” When “John the sublime, who penetrated into the luminous darkness, says, ‘No one has ever seen God’ (John 1:18), [he is] asserting that knowledge of the divine essence is unattainable not only by human beings but also by every intelligent creature . . . when Moses grew in knowledge, he declared that he had seen God in darkness, that is, that he had then come to know that what is divine is beyond all knowledge and comprehension.”

15 comments on “About

  1. Marc Fisher says:

    How cool to find out that you have become Orthodox! I am trying to get there myself. I came across your church history lectures, and thought I “smelled a rat” (lol!) The lectures were very fine, and I have to say your Orthodox sympathies were obvious. Now I get it. I have been studying Orthodoxy for about 6 years, and am about ready to make the jump. Thanks for your ministry, and I’ll follow your podcast.

    Marc Fisher
    St. Louis MO

  2. Thank you Marc! I lol’d when I read the comment about smelling the rat. Someone *was* paying attention! 😀 May God bless you in your journey.

  3. Elute Ogedegbe says:

    Hey Mr Souza!

    Listening to your lectures at the moment. Really helpful. I’m just wondering do you have articles or writings explaining your shift from the reformed to the orthodox church?

    • Hello Elute,

      I’m glad you have found helpful things in the lectures. Unfortunately I have not written (yet) an article about my conversion. Mostly because it was a slow process of two journeys – intellectual and spiritual. Nothing earth shattering in that process, which took a few years.

      But if I ever do, I’ll be sure to let you know.


  4. This is awesome Marcelo. We have the same passion for philosophy, theology and Church history.

    You got yourself a new blog reader and follower.

  5. czait says:

    Thank you!!!

  6. Simon says:

    I am on a similar journey and have thought about moving across to either the othodox or catholic church having grown up in the protestant. I am also deeply intrigued by the potential contribution of jungain psychology to the renewal of christian faith in the western hemisphere. I completed an MA in applied theology a couple of years ago and went out on a limb and looked at the potential theological ramifications of the so called Alien Abduction experience as a modern segway into the metaphysical and jungs collective archetypes. Anyway I will read your blog with great interest and if you would like to look at my dissertation it is on my own blog, http://www.simonpeterpenney.wordpress.com thanks!

  7. Jncu says:

    I was listening to your lecture on the council of chalcedon You mentioned that the eastern theologians responded to Leo’s claims to Rome’s supremacy saying they would accept Leo’s christology because it was correct not because of Rome’s alleged supremacy. Do you know where can I find, book or article, the eastern theologians response to Leo’s claim to supremacy?

    Great work


  8. Jonathan,

    Thanks for your comment. I have not read Fortescue’s book, so I can’t make specific comments about it. What I can say is that the three books I listed above are just with reference to the particular class the person was asking. Of course, I have read dozens of specialized works on early Church history, not to mention the Fathers, and the proceedings and canons of the Ecumenical Councils.

    From all these, I have no doubt that the Church of Rome had never had anything even close to universal jurisdiction as claimed after the schism. While I would be interested to read the particular book you cite, owing to my general interest in Church history, I don’t think it could destroy my entire epistemological web that has been built from many sources.

    I also pray that we may be one. There is much work to do if that is to ever happen anytime, let alone in our lifetime. Pax tecum.

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